Introduction to Python Programming

Python is a high-level, interpreted programming language known for its simplicity and readability. It was created by Guido van Rossum and released in 1991. Python is widely used in various domains, including web development, data analysis, artificial intelligence, scientific computing, and more.

Key Features of Python

  1. Easy to Read and Write: Python’s syntax is clean and easy to understand, making it an excellent choice for beginners.
  2. Interpreted Language: Python code is executed line by line, which makes debugging easier.
  3. Dynamically Typed: Variables in Python do not require explicit declaration of their type.
  4. Vast Standard Library: Python comes with a rich standard library that supports many common programming tasks.
  5. Community Support: Python has a large and active community that contributes to a wide array of libraries and frameworks.

Basic Syntax

Here are a few examples of basic Python syntax:

Variables and Data Types

python

# Variable assignment
x = 10 # Integer
y = 3.14 # Float
name = "Alice" # String
is_student = True # Boolean

Control Flow

python

# Conditional statements
if x > 5:
print("x is greater than 5")
else:
print("x is 5 or less")

# Loops
for i in range(5):
print(i)

while x > 0:
print(x)
x -= 1

Functions

python

def greet(name):
return f"Hello, {name}!"

print(greet("Alice"))

Lists

python

# List creation and manipulation
fruits = ["apple", "banana", "cherry"] fruits.append("date")
print(fruits)

Python Programming Quiz

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. What is the correct way to create a function in Python?
    • a) function myFunc():
    • b) def myFunc():
    • c) create myFunc():
    • d) function: myFunc()
  2. Which of the following is a valid variable name in Python?
    • a) 1st_variable
    • b) first-variable
    • c) firstVariable
    • d) first variable
  3. What is the output of the following code?
    python

    x = 10
    y = 5
    if x > y:
    print("x is greater than y")
    else:
    print("x is less than or equal to y")
    • a) x is greater than y
    • b) x is less than or equal to y
    • c) SyntaxError
    • d) NameError
  4. How do you create a list in Python?
    • a) myList = ()
    • b) myList = []
    • c) myList = {}
    • d) myList = <>
  5. Which method is used to add an element to the end of a list in Python?
    • a) append()
    • b) add()
    • c) insert()
    • d) push()

Answers

  1. b) `

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